Gone are the days when lovers would have to wait till their wedding night before copulating. These days, teenagers who just left secondary school or are still in school now engage in this act. Some of these teenagers get pregnant while others are lucky.
All over the world, there have been several death cases resulting to how youths or even married women get rid of unwanted pregnancies. Most of these death cases are recorded after they have embarked of a Dilation and Curettage (D&C) procedure.
However, there are different ways at which women are can prevent which women can prevent unwanted pregnancies.
Check out seven ways ladies can prevent ladies can prevent unwanted pregnancies below:
1. CONDOMS: Condoms are arguably the least expensive form of contraception and the easiest to obtain. They also protect couples from sharing some sexually transmitted infections. Condoms are sheaths of thin latex or plastic worn on the erect penis during intercourse. Condoms are widely available at drug and grocery stores, family planning clinics, as well as bathroom vending machines. They are free at most campus health centers and Planned Parenthood health centers. There are also condoms available for women.
2. BIRTH CONTROL PILLS, PATCH OR RING: Birth control pills consist of synthetic estrogen and progestin hormones that keep a woman’s eggs from leaving her ovaries, so that pregnancy can’t happen. Pills must be taken every day at the same time, patches are switched weekly and rings are changed monthly. The combination products prevent a woman’s ovaries from releasing eggs (ovulation) and thicken the cervical mucus to keep sperm from finding the egg.
3. INTRAUTERINE DEVICES (IUDs): Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are also known as birth control implants. They are devices that are either implanted under the woman’s skin in her arm or in the uterus. An IUD is a small T-shaped contraceptive made of flexible plastic.
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It is inserted into the uterus through the cervix. A string is attached that ends in the vagina allowing rapid removal once the woman wishes to conceive. Once implanted, they can last for years before needing to be replaced, depending on the type. However, this method does not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
4. EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTION PILLS: Emergency contraception or ‘morning after pill’ prevents pregnancy up to 120 hours after unprotected sex. It is actually a misnomer the pills can be taken immediately after sex or up to five days later. The pill contains progestin that prevents ovulation and/or fertilization. If taken within 72 hours, it reduces a woman’s chances of becoming pregnant by 85%. This pill will not cause an abortion or interrupt an existing pregnancy.
5. DEPO PROVERA: Depo Provera is also known as ‘shot’. It is an injectable progestin-only prescription birth control. It contains no estrogen, and only requires an appointment every three months. The shot has been described as one of the most effective types of reversible contraception, with only three out of every 1,000 women getting pregnant with correct use.
The shot reportedly works better if taken within the first seven days of your period as it prevents ovulation and/or thickens cervical mucus to prevent sperm from meeting the egg. It can be used while breastfeeding because it is estrogen-free.
6. DIAPHRAGM: The diaphragm is a shallow, dome-shaped cup with a flexible rim which makes it fit securely in the vagina to cover the cervix and blocking sperm from entering the uterus. For proper protection, spermicide is put in the bowl of the diaphragm before insertion.
7. ABSTINENCE: Over the years, it has been proven that the best way to avoid unwanted pregnancies and diseases is to abstain from it. It is 100% effective.